Who has not had one loan, at some point? Just like money, loans became essential to the way the society lives, and aims to live. A simple definition for the financial term ‘loan’ – is to grant money, property or material goods to a party in exchange for future repayment of the specific amount of the loan (plus interests and other financial charges). Most of the loans are formalized in writing, where all the rights and obligations are specified. There are two main categories of loans: 1)Open-end loans (also known as, revolving credit); and 2) Close-end loan. And Open-end loan is when you can borrow repeatedly; the best way to illustrate these loans, is with the credit card or lines of credit; in both these cases, you have a credit limit to what you can purchase against; you purchase, the credit decreases; after you make a payment the available credit increases again.

As for closed-end loans, after you’ve repaid the loan, you cannot borrow again. When you do payments, the balance reduces; if you need more, you have to apply for it all over again. These loans are usually used as mortgage, auto loans and student loans. In the close-end loans, we can distinguish them into two categories: secured or unsecured loans. The secured loan implies there is something given as collateral against the amount borrowed (most common example, mortgage or auto loans); as for the unsecured loan, no collateral is yielded by the borrower, and is based on his income and/or credit history. On the unsecured loans, there is a frame of choices: personal, student, payday loans, etc. In the event that you fail to pay your loan in a timely manner, you run the risk of having the delinquent loan sent to a collection agency, like Lvnv Funding. So, borrower beware!

A mortgage loan is basically a part of everyday financing, and is a common type of debt instrument. In these cases, money is used to buy property, but that property stays with the bank until the mortgage payment is paid-in-full; this way, if the borrower fails to comply with the payments, the bank can repossess the property. The secure part of the loan only applies to the lender, never to the borrower. The positive features of the secure loan to the borrower, are the ease in which they can obtain an unsecure loan more often granted to those who are in good financial positions (in terms of income & credit); it also benefits the borrower by allowing bigger sums of money to be extended; the time span over which the loans are to be paid, are extended for longer periods in time.

As for auto loans, they can be facilitated by a bank, or by the car dealership directly; although dealership loans may be more helpful and advantageous, overall, they cost more. On secured loans, the interest rates are influenced by the loan size, time-length, your credit score and the free equity of the property or asset.

Unsecured loans can be for several purposes: from covering credit debts, to personal, student and payday loans. Here, the lender does not have a specific property/good to hold, in case of forfeiture of payments or even bankruptcy declared by the borrower. Therefore, creditors usually apply extremely high interest rates and smaller time lengths. One must make sure that they can handle the financial burden of an unsecured loan, as failure to pay it can lead to harassment & court cases by debt collectors, like Cbe Companies cedar falls.

Here’s a look at some of the more typical unsecured loans.

Student loans are given to enable students to complete their studies; these are usually paid off after graduation, and they can be either subsidised when the Department of Education pays the interests of the loan; if it’s unsubsidized, the loan does not incur interests while the student is in college. Personal loans help the borrower to face day-to-day bills and/or emergencies such as medical, vacations, repairs on the house or debt consolidation; personal loans tend to be lower than $5,000, and is amortized (reduced) over a fixed period of time – through regular interest payments that reduces the principal balance of the loan.

On the contrary, if the borrower needs help with a business, as in to fund large capital expenses and/or operations it cannot otherwise afford, a commercial loan is needed. Most small businesses, because of upfront costs, and the plethora of regulation-related obstacles, do not have direct access to it. Borrowers must avoid certain types of loans, like payday loans that uses your next paycheck as collateral, and advance-fee loans.  Not at all loans, but some, rely on deception to take money from prospective borrowers. 

The Different Shades of Philanthropy

Generosity-coinsPhilanthropy means the desire to help the less-fortunate, by donating money to charities or good causes; it’s emotional definition, however, is Love for humanity, expressed by devoting oneself to caring, nourishing, developing and enhancing the stations of their fellow Man. Philanthropy can also lightly be referred to as ‘ human sympathy’. Philanthropic services helps in enhancing quality of life. Therefore, philanthropy is seen as an attempt to solve problems right at their roots. Charity on the other hand attempts to relieve the pains of social problems. It’s common, for instances, for philanthropy to overlap with acts of charity; so, in essence, philanthropy & charity means private initiative for the public good, focusing on quality of life. Some of the modes that are commonly used are nonprofit philanthropy and profit philanthropy (that use grants, direct projects donations and a few more methods to execute the set charitable objectives).

Aspects Of Philanthropy Brought Out By Social Science

Making extensive use of the data accumulated from societal archives is an efficient use of Social Sciences; thereby allowing charitable organizations to pinpoint where there is the most need. The origins of this idea may have came from the charitable organizations of the Rockefellers; however, they’re original intentions were not altogether altruistic. Because while the Rockefellers donated to good causes, it was later discovered that the sole purpose of these generous “donations” were to fund research to find other (political) markets they could capitalize off. Nonetheless, the by-products of this brand of capitalistic research gave rise to more altruistic methods of operation that gave help to those in need.

Philanthropy and Business

The effectiveness of corporate philanthropy can be measured by taking into account the numbers of individual who have been helped by a particular program. Philanthropy can help companies lower business risks, open new markets, build and expand brands, employ effective employees, reduce costs and deliver competitive returns. Corporate philanthropy is an exploration and discovery of a phase in investments in social issues, with a view to profit directly or indirectly. These gains can, as well, be in company ideas, since the philanthropic investments are viewed as incubators for lucrative ideas, as well as mechanism for understanding both community and cooperate needs.

Modern Philanthropy/Charity

Philanthropy has been affected in various ways by the advent of technology and cultural change. The most popular example is that donations are now mostly made through the internet; some philanthropic internet organizations, like Give Directly, facilitates direct cash to individual low-income households in East Africa; Vittana is an online platform that allows low-income youths in developing countries to access tuition for higher education; while Global Giving allows individual to crowd-fund community development projects in low income countries.


Apart from these internet organizations, there are also foundations and personalities who have largely impacted the world through philanthropic grants: The legend, Michael Jackson, who has been known to have supported well over 39 organizations, is listed in the Guinness world book of records as the ‘Most Charities Supported By A Pop Star’. Yank Barry and his Global Village Champions were known for Gabriel philanthropic services in food, education and medical supplies around the world, to the tune of millions of dollars. More philanthropic services are seen in the areas of healthcare, schools, scholarships etc. Mark Zuckerberg, for instance, advanced millions to mayor Cory Booker for Newark, New Jersey public school; the founder of Nike donated colossal amounts to Oregon Health and Science University; and Charles T. Hinde donated money to help undertake various projects on South California. All these are just but a few instances of how philanthropy has evolved through the years to be carried out through technology.

Some philanthropists have been known to assist fledgling companies by settling their debts in exchange for their devotion to serve their local communities; agreements such as this has uplifted communities just by erasing debts from collection agencies like dynamic recovery solutions .

Philanthropy As A Growth Strategy

Many companies are formed with one or two objectives, which eventually open up to new ideas and more objectives. Campbell Soup had an objective of nourishing people’s lives. It eventually branched into other objectives by joining up with other organizations, like American Heart Association, to help address consumer concerns over heart health and other concerns, like obesity; this engaged the employees even more and improved performance in the market place. Vodafone took up the opportunity to bring mobile services to rural Africa, through its Kenyan affiliate Safaricom. Vodafone could not outright embark on this project, due to its financial constraints. The philanthropic grants were eventually sourced from the UK, through its Department for International Development. Philanthropy can also help companies on the employee development front.